Education in Chad - An Overview
During the time of independence in 1960, the government of Chad has set goals of universal primary education. The school attendance made compulsory until age 12 years. Further in 1980 the Ministry of Education has taken the sole responsibility of providing education to Chad’s children.
Primary education in Chad is a six-year program leading to elementary school certificate. Children begin schooling at the age of six years. The curricula in primary schools are dominated by French system of education. The students are taught reading, writing, spelling, grammar, mathematics, history, geography, science, and drawing at this level.
Secondary education also follows French model. After completion of primary school / elementary education students can compete for two different types of liberal arts institutions, the college d'enseignement general (called a college, or CEG) or the lycee. The college offered a four-year course of study, and the lycee offered a seven-year program. In both institutions, students took a general examination at the end of four years.
At the end of secondary education, all students took comprehensive exams for the baccalaureate degree, called the bac, an obligatory requirement for admission to a university.
When Chad regained freedom in 1960 there were no universities in Chad. The students migrated to countries like Belgium, Senegal, Cote d'Ivoire, Congo and France for earning higher qualification in education, liberal arts, agriculture, and medicine.
UNESCO and Chad work together in a number of areas. The joint action is particularly strong in Education for All, especially for girls.